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Maritime Research

Container Terminal Capacity and Performance Benchmarks 2014

Spotlight Report

October 2014

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Terminal capacity and performance

Capacity and performance are two related concepts and both are examined by Drewry in this market leading report.

 

A terminal’s performance is a key aspect of assessing how well they are run, which is especially important when you consider the infrastructure investment made. Through Drewry’s benchmarks and further analysis on actual performance, you quickly discover how a terminal is performing against specific criteria.

Also covered is a dedicated section on Terminal Automation. Besides identifying and describing existing and planned automation projects and technologies, the actual performance of automated terminals is ranked against industry norms.


More Information

Fast facts...

  • Terminal capacity, performance and KPI’s 
  • Quay-line benchmarks
  • Ship-to-shore crane benchmarks
  • Yard benchmarks
  • Terminal automation

Terminal capacity, performance and KPI’s

As a starting point, to the analysis that follows, Drewry distinguishes between capacity and performance as they are distinct concepts that can easily be misused. From here you will understand the structure and methodology of the analysis.

Included in this chapter:

  • Matrix of theoretical container terminal capacity and equipment requirements
  • Annual moves benchmarks for different equipment types
  • Definition and measurement for:
    • crane and berth moves per hour
    • berth occupancy ratio, yard occupancy ratio
    • dwell times for imports, equipment availability
    • truck receiving & delivery time
    • terminal area & quay-line usage.

 

 

Quay-line benchmarks

The length of the quay can be seen as the prime determinant of overall terminal capacity, whilst a number of components such as quay moves per hour, number of cranes, crane spacing also need to be factored in. Within this chapter you get:

  • Quay-line capacity benchmarks
  • Quay-line performance by world region, 2011-2013
  • Typical features affecting performance at large and small terminals
  • Quay-line performance by terminal size, traffic type & operator type 2011-2013

 

Ship-to-shore crane benchmarks

As the primary machine used for ship-to-shore moves, its capacity is vital. So to understand this in details Drewry looks into what determines this capacity, namely availability, utilisation, moves per hour. Data included:

  • Example quay crane capacity calculation (moves Vs teu)
  • Gantry crane performance by world region 2011-2013
  • Teu per gantry crane by world region 2013
  • Gantry crane performance by terminal size, traffic type, operator type 2011-2013
  • Change in gantry crane performance by world region 2011-2013

 

Yard benchmarks

There are two measurements used for yard capacity, total number of teu slots in a yard & total number of teu that can be handled in a year. This capacity and performance levels are also then affect by factors such as equipment type, container dwell times and software systems.

  • Use of single yard ground slot with various dwell times
  • Operational area required and teu capacity per hectare for different yard equipment types
  • Type of yard equipment deployed at container terminals globally 2013
  • Yard performance by - world region, terminal size, traffic, terminal, operator type 2011-2013

 

Terminal Automation

The broad concept of automation covers both equipment and IT software. So to start the chapter Drewry discusses these aspects and moves onto existing and planned automation projects.

  • Global existing and planned fully and semi-automated container terminals, covering - country, port, operator/owner, yard stack system, horizontal transport system, fully or semi-automated, status, 2013 throughput
  • Performance of automated terminals vs world average 2013

News

Drewry: modest outlook for container market

Drewry: modest outlook for container market
The outlook for the container shipping market remains soft despite the welcome boost of the ‘phase one’ trade agreement signed by the US and China, according to Drewry’s latest Container Forecaster.

Drewry launches new fuel advisory services for shippers and forwarders

Drewry’s freight cost benchmarking and procurement support division, is pleased to announce the launch of a new range of fuel advisory and management services designed exclusively for shippers and forwarders.

Drewry publishes first low-sulphur BAF reference price

As part of a series of initiatives aimed at bringing greater transparency to fuel costs resulting from the new IMO 2020 low-sulphur regulation, Drewry is pleased to announce the publication of its first low-sulphur reference bunker index tracker.

Ship operating costs rise on higher R&M and insurance spend

Underlying vessel operating cost inflation accelerated moderately in 2019 on higher repair & maintenance and insurance spend, while costs are expected to continue rising at a similar pace in 2020, according to Drewry’s latest Ship Operating Costs Annual.

Events

ASEAN Ports & Shipping 2020

Join Jayendu Krishna presenting the economic outlook and its impact on regional competition.

TPM 2020 Conference

Philip Damas to discuss IMO2020 and strategies for BCOs to tackle carrier contracting negotiations.

Ports webinar briefing: Net-Zero 2050 – can the terminal sector meet the goal without regulation?

Join us at 0900 or 1600 GMT on Tues, 10 March 2020 to find out more on our latest research covering the container ports and terminals market. The session will be hosted by Eleanor Hadland, Senior Analyst in Drewry’s Ports and Terminals practice and Martin Dixon, Director - Head of Research Products at Drewry. Both executives will be available to take questions following a short 20 minute presentation.