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Maritime Research

Container Terminal Capacity and Performance Benchmarks 2014

Spotlight Report

October 2014

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Terminal capacity and performance

Capacity and performance are two related concepts and both are examined by Drewry in this market leading report.

 

A terminal’s performance is a key aspect of assessing how well they are run, which is especially important when you consider the infrastructure investment made. Through Drewry’s benchmarks and further analysis on actual performance, you quickly discover how a terminal is performing against specific criteria.

Also covered is a dedicated section on Terminal Automation. Besides identifying and describing existing and planned automation projects and technologies, the actual performance of automated terminals is ranked against industry norms.


More Information

Fast facts...

  • Terminal capacity, performance and KPI’s 
  • Quay-line benchmarks
  • Ship-to-shore crane benchmarks
  • Yard benchmarks
  • Terminal automation

Terminal capacity, performance and KPI’s

As a starting point, to the analysis that follows, Drewry distinguishes between capacity and performance as they are distinct concepts that can easily be misused. From here you will understand the structure and methodology of the analysis.

Included in this chapter:

  • Matrix of theoretical container terminal capacity and equipment requirements
  • Annual moves benchmarks for different equipment types
  • Definition and measurement for:
    • crane and berth moves per hour
    • berth occupancy ratio, yard occupancy ratio
    • dwell times for imports, equipment availability
    • truck receiving & delivery time
    • terminal area & quay-line usage.

 

 

Quay-line benchmarks

The length of the quay can be seen as the prime determinant of overall terminal capacity, whilst a number of components such as quay moves per hour, number of cranes, crane spacing also need to be factored in. Within this chapter you get:

  • Quay-line capacity benchmarks
  • Quay-line performance by world region, 2011-2013
  • Typical features affecting performance at large and small terminals
  • Quay-line performance by terminal size, traffic type & operator type 2011-2013

 

Ship-to-shore crane benchmarks

As the primary machine used for ship-to-shore moves, its capacity is vital. So to understand this in details Drewry looks into what determines this capacity, namely availability, utilisation, moves per hour. Data included:

  • Example quay crane capacity calculation (moves Vs teu)
  • Gantry crane performance by world region 2011-2013
  • Teu per gantry crane by world region 2013
  • Gantry crane performance by terminal size, traffic type, operator type 2011-2013
  • Change in gantry crane performance by world region 2011-2013

 

Yard benchmarks

There are two measurements used for yard capacity, total number of teu slots in a yard & total number of teu that can be handled in a year. This capacity and performance levels are also then affect by factors such as equipment type, container dwell times and software systems.

  • Use of single yard ground slot with various dwell times
  • Operational area required and teu capacity per hectare for different yard equipment types
  • Type of yard equipment deployed at container terminals globally 2013
  • Yard performance by - world region, terminal size, traffic, terminal, operator type 2011-2013

 

Terminal Automation

The broad concept of automation covers both equipment and IT software. So to start the chapter Drewry discusses these aspects and moves onto existing and planned automation projects.

  • Global existing and planned fully and semi-automated container terminals, covering - country, port, operator/owner, yard stack system, horizontal transport system, fully or semi-automated, status, 2013 throughput
  • Performance of automated terminals vs world average 2013

News

Car carriers on the up despite rising uncertainty

Car carriers on the up despite rising uncertainty
Car carrier shipping is expected to continue its recovery from the trough of 2016, supported by improving utilisation, according to the Drewry’s Finished Vehicle Shipping Annual Review and Forecast report.

Drewry launches ‘Cost Impact Calculator’ to help shippers prepare for and better understand fuel costs post-IMO 2020

Responding to the needs of Beneficial Cargo Owners (BCOs) ahead of the IMO 2020 global emission regulation, Drewry announces the addition of a new BAF formula and fuel cost benchmarking service to its range of ocean freight procurement support services.

Liner balance postponed

A gloomier world economic outlook and rising trade tensions have forced Drewry to downgrade its forecast for container demand over the next five years, according to the latest Container Forecaster.

Drewry survey: IMO 2020 low-sulphur rule exposes widespread concern about lack of fuel cost transparency

Our recent survey exposes considerable unease among global shippers/beneficial cargo owners and freight forwarders ahead of the IMO’s 2020 global emissions regulations, due to come into force on 1 Jan 2020.

Events

TOC Americas 2018

Drewry to present our trade outlook for the Americas.

Outlook for finished vehicle shipping Briefing

Join us at 0900 GMT or 1600 GMT on Tues, 20 November 2018 for an online briefing on the outlook for finished vehicle shipping. The webinar will provide Drewry’s analysis and projections for finished vehicle trade flows, car carrier fleet development, freight rate and asset value developments, as well as industry profitability. The session will be hosted by Tom Ossieur, Head of Car Carrier Research and Martin Dixon, Director, Head of Research Products at Drewry.

Container Ports webinar briefing: What container vessel cascading is heading for ports?

Join us at 0900 or 1600 GMT on Tues, 11 Dec 2018 to find out more on our latest research covering the container ports and terminals market. The session will be hosted by Neil Davidson, Senior Analyst in Drewry’s Ports and Terminals practice and Martin Dixon, Director - Head of Research Products at Drewry. Both executives will be available to take questions following a short 20 minute presentation.